Thursday, May 22, 2008

Value Investing Business School

The desire to become a "better" value investor is arguably one of the most popular discussions of the day amongst the value investing click. I have an MBA degree and I am very proud of it and the school I earned it from. But MBA school did not directly contribute to my becoming a better investor. An MBA has aided me in several invaluable ways, but I'm not here to talk about that.

Instead, to become a better investor you need to be able to do one thing and one thing only: THINK RATIONALLY. Unfortunately, this is not an easy task and no MBA class (at least to my knowledge) trains someone how to really think practically.

While I was somewhat disappointed with the quality of questions at this years Berkshire Hathaway meeting, you can always count on Buffett to deliver. One of this year's gems was when Buffett commented on the fact that nearly all business schools do nothing to train students to become better investors.

If you want to truly succeed as an investor, learn to do two things and two things only:

1. Know how to value a business
2. Learn how to think about stock markets and understand volatility.

In an earlier post, "Where Most Investors Stumble" I commented on the backwardness of many investors when thinking about the stock market:

Whether you realize it or not, many investors often commit mistakes that regularly go unnoticed. Or worse, the mistake is made under the false assumption that the activity is actually correct. Such common traps include...

2. Interpreting market volatility as a destroyer of opportunity when it is instead a creator of opportunity. If your approach is sound then volatility allows you to buy that which was cheap yesterday cheaper today.

If you can truly learn about evaluating businesses and understand that the market is here to serve you and not guide you, your investment performance will truly be off the charts.

If you understand the two concepts Buffett noted above, you will be able to clearly apply the following framework, which I believe is the simplest and most effective way at approaching the stock market.

1. Have a sound investment philosophy
2. A Good Search Strategy
3. Ability to value a business and assess quality of management
4. Discipline to say no
5. Patience

and once you can do the above you will have the ability to...

6. Make a significant investment at the maximum point of pessimism.

Find me a successful investor (Buffett, Berkowitz, Hawkins, Pabrai, Einhorn, etc.) and I'll show you an investor who performs all of the above.


Jeff Annello said...

Excellent analysis.

I believe that an MBA provides you with valuable networking opportunities and letters next your name that help your career.

As for practical investment knowledge: From Buffett & Munger to Greenblatt & Pabrai, they've all said that business school can't help you beat markets. A good framework, emotional discipline, and a little assiduity is all that is needed.


Sham Gad said...

Thanks for the kind words Jeff. Thankfully, investing doesn't require an IQ of 150...else I'd be in trouble.


Jagadeesh B Reddy said...

Yup Sham, I agree with you. MBA doesn't teach to beat the markets, But I feel the best part of MBA is the 'Case studies'. Solving more case studies will definitely help you in gaining smarter knowledge. And I feel HBR case studies are really good. Analyzing case studies will definitely support your rational thinking, but not to a full extent. You can find HBR case studies in

Finally Hardwork, Research, Emotional discipline is all you require to beat the market... :) said...

Sham, what do you think of Martin Whitman and his approach?